Azerbaijan (Azeri Azərbaycan.), The official name – the Republic of Azerbaijan (Azeri Azərbaycan Respublikası.) – A state in the eastern part of the Caucasus on the Caspian Sea, it refers to the Near East and the Middle East, as well as, according to some sources, partly to Eastern Europe. The population, according to estimates for January 2016 is 9 705 600 people, the area – 86 600 square kilometers, in both of these indicators it is the largest country in the Caucasus. It ranks 91 in the world in terms of population and 112 in territory.
Capital – Baku. Official language – Azerbaijani. It is a secular state.
Azerbaijan – a multinational and multi-confessional country. Most of the country’s population is Muslim, with minority groups of Christians and Jewish.
A unitary state, a presidential republic. Divided into 66 districts, 11 cities of republican subordination and 1 autonomous republic – Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic. Part of the territory of Azerbaijan controlled by the unrecognized Nagorno-Karabakh Republic, a part – by Armenia (exclaves Kyarki, Barkhudarly, Sofulu, Upper Askipara). As a result, the country has about one million refugees and internally displaced persons (IDPs).
It is neighboring with the Caspian Sea. It has land borders with Russia, Georgia, Armenia, Iran and Turkey.