Human Rights Day is celebrated every year on 10 December.

The dispersal of a protest in Chisinau on Sunday, 16 October 2022

The year 2023 marks the 75th anniversary of one of the world’s most innovative and global commitments: the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. This document enshrines the inalienable rights to which everyone is entitled – regardless of race, colour, religion, sex, language, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status. The theme for Rights Day 2023: Freedom, Equality and Justice for All.

It should be noted that 12 September 2023 marks 26 years since the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) can examine claims brought against the Republic of Moldova. In order to increase the awareness of specialists about the ECtHR’s activity in Moldovan cases and to facilitate the application of the ECtHR standards at the national level, as well as to prevent similar violations, the Moldovan Legal Resource Centre has indicated all violations identified by the ECtHR against the Republic of Moldova until 11 September 2023.

The most frequently violated rights in the Republic of Moldova are:

# the right to a fair trial (Art. 6 ECHR) – 239 violations (31.3 per cent);

# prohibition of torture (Art. 3 ECHR) – 180 violations (23.6 per cent);

# the right to liberty and security (Art. 5 ECHR) – 113 violations (14.8 per cent);

# the right to an effective appeal (Art. 13 ECHR) – 65 violations (8.5 per cent);

# the right to respect for private and family life (Art. 8 ECHR) – 47 violations (6.2 per cent);

# the right to life (Art. 2 ECHR) – 22 violations (2.9 per cent).

Every year, international organisations publish the Human Freedom Index, a report that assesses the state of freedom around the world. According to WiseVoter, the Human Freedom Index is an index that quantifies the level of personal, civil and economic freedoms in a country. It takes into account various factors:

# rule of law;

# property rights;

# freedom of expression and religion;

# access to economic opportunities.

Moldova is in 60th place in this ranking with a freedom index of 7.68. Romania is in 35th place with an index of 8.33. Ukraine is in 98th place with an index of 6.86. At the same time, Russia ranks 125th with an index of 6.23.

Switzerland tops the ranking with a human freedom index of 9.11. It is followed by New Zealand with 9.01 and Denmark with 8.98. The top ten countries with the highest freedom index are Estonia, Ireland, Canada, Finland, Australia, Sweden and Luxembourg.

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