BELARUS

Overview

Official name: Republic of Belarus
President: Alexander Lukashenko (since 1994)
Size: 207,600 square kilometers
Population: 9, 480,900 people (as of 1 January 2015)
Life expectancy at birth: 73.2 years
Capital: Minsk (Population 1,938,200)
National Structure: Belarusians – 83.7%, Russian – 8.3%, Poland – 3.1%, Ukrainians – 1.7%,  Other nationalities – 3.1% (according to the census in 2009)
Official languages: Belarusian, Russian
National currency: Belarus ruble (Br).
Economic indicators: (2014) GDP of $ 76.1 billion and the GDP per capita. $ 8,030.9 GDP growth – 1.6%, inflation – 18.1% [2].
Industry sectors: metallurgy, mechanical engineering, metal processing, chemical and petrochemical industries, light and food industry.
Natural resources: wood, peat, potash and stone salt, small deposits of oil and natural gas, granite, dolomite, limestone, clay, sand.

Source: ‘The most important facts, Belarus’ www.belarus.by / Official website of the Republic of Belarus. – Minsk, 2015 – Access: http://www.belarus.by/ru/about-belarus/key-facts. – Access Date: 2015.10.18.
World Bank in Belarus [Electronic Resource] / The World Bank Group. – Washington, DC, USA. – Type of access: http://www.worldbank.org/en/country/belarus. – Date of access. – 2015.10.18.

ISHR Section Belarus

The Belarusian Section currently has 75 members and is based in Brest, Belarus. It joined the ISHR in 1997.

The Belarusian conducts its activities in accordance with the Constitution of the Republic of Belarus, the state regulations for public associations, and the statutes of the International Society for Human Rights. The organization was founded and operates on the principles of voluntariness, independence, transparency, efficiency, and equality of its members.

The main purpose of the work of the section is to develop a strong culture and consciousness of human rights, as well as respect for human dignity and life. It focuses its work on the following areas:

  • Carrying out activities to support the realization of human rights
  • Promoting the importance of the ideas of human rights in society
  • Protecting the rights and legitimate interests of citizens and members of society
  • Promoting the establishment of a republican system of human rights education

In practice, the issue of human rights still remains relevant in Belarus. Thus, the organization has paid great attention to the issue of human rights education. This includes addressing human rights as a concept which extends beyond political rights and freedoms to include the relationship between economic, social and cultural rights.

The section is not affiliated with any political party or association, as human rights organizations should not have to fight for power, but rather have a humanizing impact on existing powers.

The Belarusian Section works to accomplish these goals strictly through non-violent and peaceful means, including activities such as conferences, academic studies, and expert field analyses. The Section also concentrates heavily on its work with students.

Reports

Institute of the Ombudsman in the Republic of Belarus
Profile: Prof. Ivan Kotlar

News

Authorities have dissolved at least 46 NGOs, alleging that they carried out activities ‘beyond their charters’

Authorities have dissolved at least 46 NGOs, alleging that they carried out activities ‘beyond their charters’

Lukashenka addressed the Cabinet comparing NGOs to “bandits and foreign agents” and that a “clean-up” was underway Authorities have dissolved at least 46 NGOs, alleging that they carried out activities ...
Belarus extends crackdown to human rights and news groups

Belarus extends crackdown to human rights and news groups

Security forces swooped on offices of political prisoner network Viasna-96, news outlets and a political party, according to the affected groups. Belarus extends crackdown to human rights and news groups ...
The legal situation in Belarus and ways out of the "legal default"

The legal situation in Belarus and ways out of the “legal default”

In the center of Europe, people are tortured and killed for their opinions, and this is no joke. On Thursday, April 29, 2020, a German-Belarusian virtual “round table” was held ...
ISHR's (Belarus) Young Human Rights Defender School Marks the 1st Anniversary

ISHR’s (Belarus) Young Human Rights Defender School Marks the 1st Anniversary

ISHR's (Belarus) Young Human Rights Defender School Marks the 1st Anniversary ISHR's (Belarus) Young Human Rights Defender School Marks the 1st Anniversary The Young Human Rights Defender School was opened ...
Round table on media freedom in Belarus: the situation is critical, the pressure on the media is only growing

Round table on media freedom in Belarus: the situation is critical, the pressure on the media is only growing

On January 22, a virtual “round table” was held with the participation of editors-in-chief of leading media outlets and leaders of journalistic organizations in Belarus. The topic of discussion was ...
Pyotr Kolpakov, veteran of the Great Patriotic War from Belarus, participant in the ISHR project “Tell me about the War,” dies at the age of 97

Pyotr Kolpakov, veteran of the Great Patriotic War from Belarus, participant in the ISHR project “Tell me about the War,” dies at the age of 97

Pyotr Kolpakov, veteran of the Great Patriotic War from Belarus, participant in the ISHR project “Tell me about the War,” dies at the age of 97 Participants of the ISHR ...
Belarus, new book on state violence

Belarus, new book on state violence

In recent days a range of famous Belarusian organizations and associations, such as Belarus in Focus, Press Club Belarus, Belarusian Association of Journalists (BAJ), Legal Initiative, Viasna human rights center, ...
UN round table on political prisoners in Belarus: little strokes fell great oaks

UN round table on political prisoners in Belarus: little strokes fell great oaks

On December 2, a virtual “round table” was held with the participation of leaders of civil society organizations in Belarus, organized by the EU delegation to the UN. The topic ...