Russia (Russian Россия), or the Russian Federation, covers almost one third of the surface of Eurasia and is the largest country in the world (17,125,191 km²). Russia borders eighteen countries and is one of the most multicultural countries in the world, home to over 200 nationalities and ethnic groups. The population of Russia according to the results of the 2016 Census is 146,544,710 people. Thus, Russia is ranked ninth in the world in population.
Russia has 85 equal subjects of the federation, including 22 autonomous republics, 9 territories, 46 regions, 3 federal cities, 1 autonomous region, and 4 autonomous districts. The capital of Moscow is home to over 14 million inhabitants. The official language of Russia is Russian. In the national autonomies (22 autonomous republics, 1 autonomous region, 4 autonomous districts) official status also have a local national language.
Russia is a secular state, where, according to the constitution, religious freedom is proclaimed. The most common are: Christianity (mainly Orthodox), Islam (in the majority Sunni), Buddhism and Judaism. In a number of areas remains a presence of local cults.