Georgia (Georgian: „საქართველო“, pronounced “Sakartvelo”) is a country in the Caucasus region of Eurasia. It borders Russia, Armenia, Turkey and Azerbaijan. Georgia’s population is near 4,000,000, with a land area of 69,700 square kilometers. Georgia is a country with fertile orchards, sunny coastal regions, mountains, mesmerizing valleys with its comfortable climate.
The capital of Georgia is Tbilisi, and its official language is Georgian. Georgian belongs to its own ancient linguistic group unlike any other language spoken outside the region. Georgian is one of only 17 original languages with its own 33-letter alphabet. 84% of Georgians are Orthodox Christians, with Christianity becoming the official religion in the fourth century. The Georgian Lari (GEL) is its currency.
Wine making is an ancient tradition in Georgia; it is one of the oldest wine producing regions of the world, beginning around 5,000 B.C. Georgian music and dance covers a wide range of genres, and its folk music is estimated by some to be more than 1,500 years old. In 2001, UNESCO recognized Georgian songs as a masterpiece of oral immaterial heritage. The national performing style and traditions were passed down from generation to generation, and the traditional costumes were formed by the influence of nature and way of life in Georgia.